Archive - previous posts





China Renewable Energy Outlook 2018
The China Renewable Energy Outlook 2018 provides a status on the Chinese energy transition and updated scenarios for the decarbonization of energy in China towards 2050. The report was launched at the end of 2018 at several events, including a joint seminar with the International Energy Agency in Beijing in November and at the Chinese pavilion at COP 24 in Katowice in December.

China Renewable Energy Outlook is published annually as a part of the five-year program ‘Boosting Renewable Energy as a part of China’s Energy Revolution’ – a multilateral effort led by the China National Renewable Energy Centre. The work is supported by the Children’s Investment Fund foundation and the Danish and German governments.

Ea Energy Analyses has contributed substantially to the report as well as the previous outlooks. Read more about the project here.






Launch of Lombok Energy Outlook
A few weeks ago, the Danish Energy Agency officially published the Lombok Energy Outlook, an analysis carried out by Ea Energy Analyses on the Indonesian island, located in the province of West Nusa Tenggara, close to the island of Bali.

In the analysis, it is underlined how renewable energy can compete with fossil fuels and supply 58% of the electricity consumption at no extra cost, in case current subsidies to coal and gas are removed.


The topic has also been featured in an article in EnergyWatch

Read about the project here, and discover more about our involvement in Indonesia here.








EAducation: Introduction to Balmorel for the Danish Energy Agency
Last week Ea Energy Analyses carried out a 5-days course of the power system model Balmorel with a focus on energy planning and analysis of the power sector in developing countries. The participants, 11 advisors from the International Cooperation department at the Danish Energy Agency, got certified as Balmorel Analyst and Operator Level 1.

The enthusiasm and feedback have been overwhelmingly positive.





Intelligent buildings in a smart energy system
Sweco and Ea Energy Analysis have on behalf of the Danish Energy Agency prepared an assessment of the potential for building contribution to flexibility in the electricity and heating system. The analysis concludes that there is the greatest socioeconomic value and profitability when changing the supply form, such as switching from natural gas and district heating to electricity via hybrid heat pump when electricity prices are low. In addition, the analysis points out the importance of consumer tariffs reflecting real marginal transmission and distribution costs in order to mobilize the flexibility potential.

Read the analysis "Energieffektive og intelligente bygninger i et smart energisystem" (Danish), where the potential for different flexibility measures and the profitability of exploiting these potentials is assessed.






Denmark takes over the management of Task 32 with lead from Ea Energy Analysis
With the IEA Bioenergy Task 32, the International Energy Agency has a unique forum for discussion and knowledge sharing about the development of biomass combustion and co-firing which is widely used in Denmark and the other member states and is an important tool for achieving the greenhouse gas emission reduction targets. The cooperation consists of 12 member states whose representatives gather at semi-annual business meetings and associated workshops, where solutions to current technical topics are discussed.

The purpose of the Danish participation in the group is to disseminate Danish policies and solutions, as well as results from Danish RDD activities and projects on biomass combustion and plants, as well as gathering knowledge about the corresponding activities and markets in other countries and disseminating them to the Danish network. Denmark has been in Task 32 for over 20 years.

Task 32 has been led by the Netherlands for many years. From 2019 Denmark will take over the management with Morten Tony Hansen from Ea Energy Analysis as lead, in collaboration with national Energy Technology Development and Demonstration Programme (EUDP). The work consists of realising the group's work program, i.e. in that meetings and workshops are held and reported, that there is progress in the projects and that the results are disseminated.

The work program for 2019-2021 has been under development in 2017-18. Activities concentrate on:


  • Improvement of small scale biomass combustion units such as stoves and boilers in terms of efficiency and emissions and performance in real-life operation
  • Integration of efficient and fuel-flexible biomass power in energy systems
  • Biomass-based high temperature heat for industrial processes
  • Project collaboration with other working groups in IEA Bioenergy


Ea Energy Analysis represents Denmark in IEA Bioenergy Task 32 and leads the group until the end of 2021. Ea Energy Analysis also represents Denmark in IEA Bioenergy Task 33, which deals with gasification of biomass and waste.

Read more here.
Read more about Task 32 on the website.






New location for Ea Energy Analyses
We are happy to announce that we have moved to a new office space at Gammeltorv – still at the heart of Copenhagen. After more than 10 years at Frederiksholms Kanal we look forward to continue our work in the new surroundings.

In the future you can find us at the following address:


Gammeltorv 8, 6th floor
1457 Copenhagen K


We look forward to welcoming you at the new office space and enjoy the view over Copenhagen with you.








New strategy for thermal gasification of biomass

Thermal gasification can become an important part of the future energy system. Ea Energy Analysis has, for the Thermal Gasification Partnership, collected input from a number of stakeholders to construct an overall strategy. The report describes the partnership, how Denmark is far advanced with gasification technologies and processes that can play a role in energy systems worldwide and that the market for gasification technology is large in both Denmark and abroad. However, there is still a significant need for targeted research, technology development and demonstration facilities as well as favorable long-term framework conditions to get investors involved. Download the report Strategiudspil termisk forgasning (Danish).

The strategy is featured in FIB issue 64, which is a themed publication on thermal gasification. The magazine can be downloaded here and the article here (Danish).


Go to to find out more about the Thermal Gasification Partnership.







New report on power plant flexibility in China

Danish power plants are among the most flexible in the world, thereby assisting the integration of large shares of variable renewable power generation in the Danish power system. Ea Energy Analyses contributed to an analysis that investigated the value of power plant flexibility in a Chinese context, where curtailment of renewables has been a pressing issue. The analysis found that greater power plant flexibility can: Reduce curtailment of renewable energy, lower coal use and CO2 emissions, and reduce overall power system costs. The Danish and Chinese experiences were shared at a power plant flexibility event that took place in Copenhagen on May 24th, 2018 in conjunction with the ninth Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) and Nordic Clean Energy Week.

Project contributors were:

  • Electric Power Planning and Engineering Institute (EPPEI)
  • The Danish Energy Agency
  • China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC)
  • Ea Energy Analyses


Read DEA's press release (Danish only) and the report Thermal Power Plant Flexibility







Updated DEA methodology papers for energy statistics within biomass

You can now download the Danish Energy Agency’s (DEA) updated methodology papers for energy statistics within biomass on the DEA’s website. 


Ea Energy Analyses (Ea) has updated the methodology papers in cooperation with the DEA, in connection to the study of the Danish wood pellet market for 2016. The methodology papers have updated concepts, definitions and methods for making energy statistics for respectively wood chips, firewood, straw, wood waste and wood pellets. 







New report on the optimal heat-saving level in the existing building stock

Newly published report by Ea Energy Analysis analyzes how large a share of the energy savings potential in the existing building stock it is beneficial to utilize for the Danish society towards 2050.

The analysis finds the socio-economically optimal heat-saving level in the existing building stock to be 31% by 2050.

You can download the report ”Samfundsøkonomisk værdi af varmebesparelser - Optimum mellem forsyningsomkostninger og varmebesparelser i eksisterende bygninger” (in Danish) or read more about the project here.





The price of offshore wind has dropped sharply in recent years and new technical solutions and economy of scale effects are expected to bring further cost reductions in the decades to come. This provides new opportunities for the countries surrounding the Baltic Sea, which is characterized by good wind conditions and shallow waters.

On this backdrop the EU Commission is launching a project under the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan (BEMIP) group to analyse the economic and technical potentials for offshore wind development in Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Finland, and Sweden. The study will propose elements for a Roadmap of a coordinated offshore wind strategy for the Baltic Sea Region.

Ea is contributing with expertise in electricity system modelling, market-regulatory analysis, as well as with our experience and data from several previous projects carried out within the Baltic region.


You can read more about:




Ea to help shape the energy transition path in 12 countries

Ea is pleased to announce our involvement in the Danish Energy Agency’s (DEA) two major framework programs on promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency through government-to-government assistance in a number of emerging economies including China, South Africa, Mexico, Indonesia, India, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Ukraine, and Turkey as well as in the UK, USA, and Germany.


Ea will, together with COWI, Viegand Maagøe, the Technical University of Denmark, and Enerdata, provide technical assistance to these countries throughout the period 2018-2020.


We are happy to be able to contribute to shaping the energy transition paths of the program countries – many of which we already have been working with in recent years, among others assisting in formulation of Energy Outlooks in China, Indonesia, Viet Nam, and Mexico.


The two framework programs are:

  • The Danish Energy Agency Energy Country Programs and Projects (ECPP)
  • The Danish Energy Agency Energy Partnership Programme Phase II (DEPP II)


On a second note, we would like to highlight the leaflet published yesterday by the DEA. The leaflet describes DEA’s involvement in scenario-based modelling around the world, with case studies from engagements in selected countries, most of which Ea has also been a part of. You can find the leaflet “Long term planning for a greener future” here.





Launch of the Technology Data for the Indonesian Power Sector

The Indonesian National Energy Council (NEC) have published a catalogue on Technology Data for the Indonesian Power Sector, containing description as well as technical and financial data on several relevant power technologies in Indonesia. The Catalogue can be found on NEC's website where it will be updated with new data and technologies biannually.


The catalogue have been prepared by NEC, BPPT Engineering, and Ea Energy Analyses, in cooperation with the MEMR, PLN, Danish Energy Agency, and the Danish Embassy of Indonesia, and funded under the ESP3 program. It is our hope that this will be of value for the different governmental institutions, as well as the private sector, universities and NGOs.


Read more about Ea's involvement in the development of an Indonesian Technology Catalogue.




Just launched: Balmorel Lite Update

Try the new updated version of Balmorel Lite – a free web-based modelling tool developed by Ea Energy Analyses for the Danish Energy Agency.


BalmorelLite is a visual and interactive introduction to the type of analysis and results that the energy model Balmorel can achieve - providing users with a good basis for reflection on next step activities and modelling opportunities when analysing relevant issues for the energy sector.


For more information, read today's press release by the Danish Energy Agency.


Apart from the web-based Balmorel Lite, Ea has made a BalmorelLite version that is available for download




Launch of China Renewable Energy Outlook 2017 at COP23

This week Ea attended the UN Climate Conference, COP23, in Bonn, Germany, to participate in the release of the China Renewable Energy Outlook (CREO) 2017.
The comprehensive report, that spans nearly 700 pages, was released Tuesday November 14th, and is published by China’s National Centre For Renewable Energy.  Ea Energy Analyses has contributed to the report, along with other international partners.


In the CREO 2017, projections of current developments (Stated Policies Scenario) are presented as well as a scenario where China takes additional steps in order to ensure CO2 emission reductions in compliance with the Paris agreement (Below 2 °C Scenario).

A key message of the report is that China is already undertaking critical steps in order to increase renewable energy and reduce the reliance on fossil fuels in the energy sector. As a result, CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and coal utilisation are all projected to peak prior to 2030.

The Below 2 °C Scenario reveals that the country’s current energy policies fall short of achieving the goals set out under the Paris agreement, particularly in the short-term, and the report contains recommendations regarding the necessary actions to be undertaken.

Ea Energy Analyses is centrally positioned in the cooperation within the China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) in connection with the project Boosting Renewable Energy as part of China's Energy Revolution and Ea Partner Lars Møllenbach Bregnbæk has been embedded as Chief Modelling Expert in the CNREC since 2015.






What is the impact of different wind turbine technologies on the value of wind power in Europe?

Today, the IEA Wind TCP report is launched at a full day event at the Technical University of Denmark. The report, made by Ea Energy Analyses and the working group of IEA Wind TCP Task 26, analyzes the development of the European power system until 2030 and explores the effects of different wind turbine designs. The study focuses on the market value of wind and total system costs arising from different combinations of hub height and specific power of wind turbines.


Read more about:





China Renewable Energy Outlook 2017 - Executive Summary Launched

Today the Executive Summary of the new China Renewable Energy Outlook 2017 (CREO) is launched at the China Wind Power 2017 conference in Beijing.

CREO 2017 is the second annual CREO publication to present the state of the Chinese energy sector through in-depth scenario work and policy analyzes. In addition to presenting an overall view of the development of the Chinese energy system, this year's CREO sheds light on China's potential role in implementing the 2-degree goal of the Paris agreement. Further, the key challenges for upscaling renewable energy in China are analysed.

The Executive Summary of CREO 2017 summarizes the main results of the comprehensive underlying analytical work of the full version of CREO 2017, which will be published at the Climate Change Conference in Bonn in November this year. The reports are published in both English and Chinese.


CREO 2017 has been prepared in connection with a multilateral cooperation project, which is financially supported by the philanthropic Children's Investment Fund Foundation. The Chinese National Renewable Energy Center (CNREC), which is anchored in the National Development Reform Commission's (NDRC) Energy Research Institute (ERI), is responsible for the publication together with other ERI centers.
Denmark and Germany contribute financially to the project, which include contributions from experts from the Danish Energy Agency,, Ea Energy Analyses, the German Energy Agency (DENA), GIZ, Agora Energiwende, and the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). A number of Chinese knowledge institutions have also provided technical assistance to the project.


Read about Ea's involvement in the project:






Ea Energy Analysis holds workshop on PV integration in Morocco

Ea Energy Analysis recently held a 2-day workshop in French on the integration of photovoltaics in the power system in Casablanca, Morocco. The workshop was funded by UNEP-DTU and was held for the benefit of ONEE, the National Office for Energy and Drinkable Water in Morocco.


Morocco has a large solar potential and an ambition for installing 2000 MW of photovoltaic power by 2020, which would supply approximately 14% of the Moroccan electricity consumption. The workshop covered global PV trends, challenges and integration measures as well as solutions learned from countries such as Germany, Italy and Denmark. We were joined by Jasmin Mehmedalic from Dansk Energi, who shared his hands-on experience with grid codes and operation of the distribution grid.






Launch of Vietnam’s Energy Outlook Report 2017


This Wednesday, the Vietnam Energy Outlook Report (EOR) 2017 was published by the Danish Energy Agency (DEA) and the Vietnamese Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT) at an event that also marked the beginning of a new 3-year Energy Partnership Program between Vietnam and Denmark.


The technical report on renewable energy scenarios for Vietnam, that served as background material for the EOR, was prepared by Ea for MOIT.


During the past years, Ea Energy Analyses has been greatly involved in the Danish-Vietnamese energy cooperation where we have set up of the Vietnamese power system in the Balmorel modelling framework and provided training in modelling and scenario analyses for Vietnamese experts.


For more information:




Pre-feasibility Study of a Biomass Power Plant Project in Java

Since the beginning of 2016, Ea has contributed with analyses and scenarios for a green transition of the Indonesian energy sector. Recently, Ea was awarded a project under the Danish-Indonesian government corporation program ESP3 (Environmental Support Programme, phase 3), focusing on how biomass can best replace coal for energy purposes on Indonesia's most populated island, Java. Ea is the project manager and will undertake the task in close collaboration with a local consultant and the state-owned forestry company Perhutani. At the start-up meeting in Jakarta on August 10th, partner Hans Henrik Lindboe held a presentation to discuss the opportunities and challenges, with focus on economics and sustainability.


You can read more about:






Paths to 50% RE in Denmark by 2030

Commissioned by the Danish Wind Industry Association, Ea Energy Analysis has prepared a scenario analysis of different paths for reaching the Danish target of at least 50% RE in the Danish energy supply by 2030.


Among other things the report addresses the competition between different RE technologies, effects of taxes and subsidies, and how the 2030 target aligns with the long-term objective of being independent from fossil fuels in 2050.



Contact: Hans Henrik Lindboe or János Hethey




Demand response potential in Lithuania
Ea recently visited Vilnius for the kick-off meeting of a technical feasibility study of demand response services in Lithuania. The project focuses on identifying the technical DR potential in the power system as well as the necessary technical requirements for both operators and for consumers.





Ea supports the development of an Indonesian Technology Catalogue

Ea Energy Analyses is supporting the Indonesian National Energy Council (NEC) in developing an Indonesian Technology Catalogue on Power Generation. The project was initiated with a workshop in Jakarta in the beginning of May, where a great number of central stakeholders were present. You can read more about the project here.






Technical workshop in Hanoi, Vietnam

Ea Energy Analyses has been actively involved in Vietnam, by carrying out analyses and doing capacity-building for renewable energy integration in the Vietnamese electricity sector since 2015. Within our engagement in the Danish-Vietnamese cooperation between the Danish Energy Agency, the Danish Embassy in Vietnam and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam, we recently presented our long-term RE scenario analysis for Vietnam using the Balmorel model at a Technical Workshop in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Results of the analysis will be consolidated in the Technical Report, as well as adapted for the Energy Outlook Report, an envisioned joint publication by the Danish Energy Agency and the MOIT. Among the workshop participants there were stakeholders representing the energy industry, non-governmental organisations and academia of Vietnam.

You can read more about our engagement in Vietnam:




Baltic Energy Technology Perspectives (BENTE)

The first phase of the Baltic Energy Technology Perspectives (BENTE) has been initiated – a project that will provide in-depth scenario analysis of issues critical in achieving the Baltic countries’ climate and energy targets in the most cost efficient way.

Ea Energy Analyses and VTT the Technical Research Centre of Finland will assist the research collaboration BENTE in data collection and scenario specification, modelling with both the TIMES-VTT and Balmorel model, along with analysis based on the modelling results.  





New report: Integration of thermal gasification in the Danish energy system


In the Danish magazine 'The Engineer' from April 18 2017 and the FiB newsletter from March 2017 you can read about our recently released report on the integration of thermal gasification in the Danish energy system (in Danish).

The report concludes, among other things, that there should be significant increases in natural gas and CO2 before it can be economically attractive to produce gas from wood/straw, but that the thermal gasification of waste has more promising prospects.

The report was prepared for the Partnership for thermal gasification.

Download the report Integration of Thermal Gasification in the Danish Energy System (in Danish).


Read more about the project:






Balmorel Lite: The DEA launches new web based power market simulator develop by Ea

The Danish Energy Agency has just launched Balmorel Lite, which is a web based power market simulation tool developed by Ea Energy Analyses.


Balmorel Lite is based on the heat and power system model Balmorel and has been developed with the particular purpose of assessing the value of renewable energy (RE) in different power systems. The tool is free of use and give users a visual and interactive introduction to power market models and the opportunities and consequences of RE integration.







Danish experiences with integration of RE can assist Indonesia


Our engagement in Indonesia continues and in this regard, we have recently published a report on the Danish experiences with integration of fluctuating renewable energy.


The report was prepared in cooperation with the Danish TSO and the Danish Energy Agency and related, where possible, the Danish experiences to Indonesian conditions and political ambitions.


Download the report Powering Indonesia by Wind - Integration of Wind Energy in Power Systems.


Read more about the projects:





Competition analysis of the district heating sector

Ea Energy Analyses is carrying out a competition analysis of the district heating sector for the DEA, in cooperation with Deloitte and Konveks. The analysis focuses especially on the production stage and will include recommendations on measures to increase competition.






Energy scenarios for Mexico

How much cheaper is it to formulate goals for the power system development in Mexico by implementing CO2 requirements compared to setting goals for renewable energy? And how much more will it cost if Mexico is to reduce its CO2 emissions even more? These questions are answered using detailed analyzes of the Mexican power system modeled in Balmorel.


Read more about the project here





Wind Energy Days in Vietnam

Last week Ea Energy Analyses participated with a presentation on the development of the Vietnamese electricity sector at the Wind Energy Days in Vietnam – the workshop was organized by the Danish Embassy in Vietnam in collaboration with Vestas and relevant Danish and international stakeholders within wind energy.  

Read more about the Vietnam Wind Energy Days or download the presentation

RE Expansion and Integration Possibilities in Vietnam: Future Perspectives”.





Indonesian delegation visits Denmark

Ea Energy Analyses has during the past days enjoyed the company of a larger Indonesian delegation from different units of the Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources visiting to be trained in the power sector models Balmorel and



Ea Energy Analyses is supporting the Danish Foreign Ministery and the Danish Energy Agency in their cooperation with the Indonesian Government. Read more about our involvement in energy modelling in Indonesia and the integration of fluctuating RE in Indonesia.









Workshop in Jakarta: Danish–Indonesian cooperation on integration of variable renewable energy in the power grid

Danish Experiences with integration of wind power were discussed with Indonesian stakeholders at a workshop in Jakarta on November 22. In cooperation with the Danish Embassy, Jakarta, the Danish Energy Agency and the Danish Transmission System Operator Ea Energy Analyses presented Danish Experiences with Integration of variable renewable energy in the power system, and discussed the options for the Indonesian power system with the 60 participants at the Workshop. The participants were mainly officials from the Indonesian Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources as well as from the state owned utility PLN.

The overall objective of the cooperation is to assist Indonesia in developing policies and strategies to achieve the national renewable energy and energy efficiency objectives.

Read more about the workshop and the project “support for integration of variable renewable energy in Indonesia”.







How will the incentive for flexible electricity demand evolve?

Will more wind power in Denmark lead to larger variations in electricity prices? Ea Energy Analyses has used the Balmorel optimization model to analyze the future electricity price fluctuations. The results were presented at the seminar Flexible electricity consumption for companies which was held by CLEAN (the Danish cleantech cluster) on 30/11/2016 in Middelfart.


Download the presentation ”Hvilke prissvingninger kan forventes i det fremtidige elmarked?” (Danish)






We use firewood in more and newer stoves than we thought

The Danish Energy Agency just published a survey of firewood consumption and the stock of wood-fired units in Denmark in 2015. The survey was made by Ea Energy Analyses in collaboration with Statistics Denmark commissioned by the Danish Energy Agency and the Danish Environmental Protection Agency.

Firewood consumption was 22,900 TJ spread over 842,000 stoves, fireplaces and mass stoves and about 46,200 wood boilers in homes and holiday homes.

Read more about the results here, download the report "Brændeundersøgelse 2015" (in Danish) or contact Morten Tony Hansen.







Joint IEA Wind Task 25 and 26 session in Glasgow, Scotland

Country representatives from a wide range of organisations, recently met for a joint IEA Wind Task 26 - Cost of Wind Energy - and IEA Wind Task 25 - Design and Operation of Power Systems with Large Amounts of Wind Power - session in Glasgow, Scotland.


At the session, Ea Energy Analyses presented results from our on-going study on the value of wind power in power systems. The study investigates the system impacts of technological advancements, such as lower specific power turbines and higher hub heights. 


Representing Denmark, Ea Energy Analyses leads the Value of Wind Power Work Package, which is carried out in the Balmorel modelling framework






Insights from our work in Indonesia

Ea Energy Analyses advises the Indonesian National Energy Council (NEC) in the use of the energy model Balmorel for analyzes of integration of renewable energy into the electricity system. In this regard, we recently held a workshop for some of the key stakeholders in the Indonesian power sector on modeling of the Indonesian power sector in Balmorel. The workshop was held on October 19. 


Ea's expatriate consultant in Jakarta, Bjarne Bach and partner Lars Bregnbæk, have in association with NEC worked on the strategy for scenario setup in Balmorel and finalized the first draft of Indonesia's Energy Outlook for 2016. The next step will be to finalize the Energy Outlook for 2016 and prepare and analyze different 2050 scenarios for the electricity sector. Follow the link if you want to know more about the energy modelling project in Indonesia.









China Renewable Energy Outlook 2016 launched at International Forum on Energy Transitions in Suzhou

The first issue of the China Renewable Energy Outlook (CREO) was launched at the International Forum on Energy Transitions in Suzhou Monday, October 31st 2016. The Suzhou Forum is a global event organised jointly by the Chinese National Energy Administration, the International Renewable Energy Agency and the Jiangsu provincial government.


The China Renewable Energy Outlook 2016 provides an overview of the development of the Chinese energy system and identifies main challenges and opportunities for the future. It presents two development scenarios looking at the impact of the current policy and investigating implications of increasing RE ambitions. Finally, different policy measures and framework conditions for renewable energy are examined, including power system flexibility, power market development, flexible interconnectors, cost and pricing, the subsidy system, and the promotion of distributed generation and RE heating.


The study indicates that current policies including measures under the 13th Five Year Plan, if successfully implemented, can ensure achievement of the minimum levels of China’s international commitments. This includes China’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) to the Paris agreement. CREO also shows how more ambitious targets could be achieved to put China on a 2-degree pathway.



The China Renewable Energy Outlook is an annual publication issued by the China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) and prepared under the programme Boosting Renewable Energy as part of China’s Energy Revolution. The programme is supported by the Children's Investment Fund Foundation and the Danish Government.


Ea Energy Analyses has been strongly involved in the preparation of this first CREO publication. Ea Partner Lars Møllenbach Bregnbæk has been embedded as Chief Modelling Expert in CNREC since 2015.


Would you like to know more?





Energy supply in 2030 – a take on the future of district heating

The think tank Green Energy has just released an analysis on the energy supply in 2030, which was prepared in cooperation with Ea Energy Analyses. The analysis is presented today (Oct. 27th) at the Danish District Heating's 58th national congress, to be held in Copenhagen.






Ea in the press

The online media Fagpressen brings an interview with Hans-Henrik Lindboe, partner in Ea Energy Analyses, about the speed of the green transition.





CO2 emissions from increased electricity consumption

Ea Energy Analyses has just published an analysis of the CO2 consequence of increased electricity consumption in Denmark. The analysis finds that there will be a CO2 consequence from increased electricity consumption in Denmark, as there won’t be a binding CO2 cap in the EU quota system for many years to come.


The CO2 consequence depends on the future development of the international power system and should be assessed in relation to this over a longer time period, such as towards 2050 or over the lifetime of the electricity consumption.For increased electricity consumption in 2020-2050 the discounted effect in 2016 will correspond to approximately 425 g CO2/kWh in a medium scenario of the future development of the electricity sector, assuming that the world is pursuing an ambitious climate agenda.

When assessing the CO2 impact from electricity consumption, it is also crucial to make the distinction of whether the electricity consumption can be classified as "new" consumption or whether the consumption is merely moved between countries.

The analysis is prepared for the Danish Society of Engineers, IDA, and was presented at a discussion meeting at the Christiansborg Palace, the Danish Parliament, on October 25th.





Ea speaks at the annual Arctic Circle Assembly in Iceland

Annually, more than 2000 participants from 50 countries assemble in Reykjavík at the Arctic Circle Assembly to discuss the future of the Arctic.

Partner at Ea, Anders Kofoed-Wiuff, was invited to present at the breakout session on the North Atlantic Energy Network, where he spoke about the role of interconnectors in the low carbon transition and discussed the prospects of future electricity networks in the North Atlantic.


For more information, download the presentation here.

The Arctic Circle Assembly was held in Reykjavík from October 7.-9. 2016.



IEA Wind expert survey receives much attention

The results of an elicitation survey of world's foremost wind experts, that Ea Energy Analyses has contributed to within the framework of participation in the IEA Wind Task 26 - Cost of Wind Energy, has been recently published in Nature Energy and has since received much attention in the press.

The journal article provides significant insights on technology advancement opportunities and future costs of wind energy based on elicitation of 163 leading wind experts globally, including an expert from Ea Energy Analyses.

Read more about the results in the Washington Post or download the paper here.










Ea in the press

Our recent note on PSO-comparable support systems in a number of EU countries is referenced in the Danish online newspaper Altinget today.

The note was prepared for The Danish Wind Turbine Owners’ Association and describes financing of RE support in a number of EU countries.


Download the note here or read the article on Altinget.






Ea Energy Analyses increases the presence in Indonesia

Energy Analyses is currently advising the Indonesian National Energy Council in using the Balmorel energy model with the purpose of analyzing the integration of renewable energy into the electricity system. Ea consultant, Bjarne Bach, will be posted in Jakarta from August to December 2016. Mr. Bach will reside at the National Energy Council where he will deliver expert knowledge and training of council staff in Balmorel modelling and analysis.


Read more about the project Support to developing the energy modelling system in Indonesia






Developing biofuels for aircrafts
It is possible to produce jetfuel from biomass and it is already done for commercial use in Oslo. Biojetfuel is, however, still too expensive compared to fossil fuels to be competitive. It was among the conclusions from a workshop held in connection with IEA Bioenergy Task 33 that focuses on thermal gasification of biomass and waste.


Read more about IEA Bioenergy Task 33 - gasification of biomass and waste







Morten Tony Hansen is new consultant at Ea Energy Analyses

This May we welcomed Morten Tony Hansen as a new consultant at Ea Energy Analyses. Among others, he will be contributing with his expert knowledge on bioenergy and biofuels, combustion and thermal gasification.


Read more about Morten






Indonesia towards a cost effective penetration of renewables

Ea Energy Analyses contributes to the process by supporting the development of a system for energy modelling in three steps: A modelling seminar to start the process, support to development of the capacity to conduct power sector analyses and scenario studies using Balmorel and its implementation through input to the 2016 Energy Outlook and preparation of a 2050 scenario analysis.


The workshop is held in Jakarta from May 25th to May 31th and model used is Balmorel and the web-based version BalmorelLite.


Read more about the project Support to developing the energy modelling system in Indonesia







Invitation: Danish meets German energy transition

Ea Energy Analysis, Agora Energiewende, Danish Energy Agency and DTU Management Engineering invites to the event "Danish Meets German Energy Transition" on May 26th, from 10 am to 4 pm in Copenhagen. Participation is free of charge.

Denmark and Germany are undergoing the transition from a fossil fuel-based system towards a system with high shares of variable renewable generation. It gives opportunities as well as challenges that Denmark and Germany have in common.


During this event a number of questions will be discussed, e.g. what are recent developments in the energy policy in the two countries and how affect these developments each other?


Read more and register at


Get the program for Danish Meets German Energy Transition







New analysis of the Danish potential for exploiting geothermal heat

In co-operation with the Geothermal Company of the Danish District Heating Association and COWI, Ea Energy Analyses carried out a project analysing the potential for exploiting geothermal heat for district heating in 28 urban areas in Denmark.


The analysis included technical and economic assessment of local geothermal plants as well as thorough analysis of the integration in the existing and future district heating systems.


The analysis shows that geothermal energy will only be economically advantageous in a few of the areas when the existing tax system is taken into account. Socioeconomically, it looks somewhat better and in several areas, geothermal heat is competitive with other forms of heat production.


Overall, geothermal has low economic potential, mainly due to competition with biomass which is exempt from tax and this is considered to be the greatest barrier to the expansion of geothermal energy.

Read more about the project Integration of geothermal heat in district heating systems







The master plan for Eastern Africa is published

After the approval last week, the master plan is now available. The master plan consists of an Executive summary, Volume I: Main report, Volume II: Data report and Volume III: Result report.


In the executive summary, the focus is on decisions that can be taken in the short term. Therefore, it discusses the possible development of the electricity system towards 2020 and 2025, with the long-term perspectives (towards 2040) provided in the other volumes of the master plan.


Read more about the master plan in the EAPP regional power system master plan – executive summary


Download all the reports and read more about the project Development of regional master plan in Eastern Africa





26 January 2016

EAPP master plan approved

The Steering Committee and the Council of Ministers as the leading organs in Eastern Africa Power Pool approved the master plan for 10 countries in Eastern Africa at a meeting the 20 – 22th of January in Ethiopia. The countries represented in EAPP are Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and DRC.


The Steering Committee consists of managers of the power companies in the 10 countries, and the Council of Ministers is government representatives from the 10 same countries.


Ea Energy Analyses has worked closely together with EAPP and the countries in analysing the possibilities for development of the power system and has among other things pointed out 6 prioritised transmissions connections to be established until 2020 and 3 more by 2025. Of importance is e.g. the connections from Ethiopia through Sudan to Egypt.


Read more about the project Development of regional master plan in Eastern Africa







16 December 2015

Integration of Wind power

Ea Energy Analyses has analysed several initiatives to integrate wind power such as heat pumps, immersion heaters and an electric connection between Denmark and England called Viking Link.

Read the report Integration of Wind Power – Viking Link and other initiatives for integration of wind power





26 November 2015

Nordic pavilion at COP21

The Nordic countries have a joint pavilion at COP21 in Paris 30 November until 11 December 2015 under the auspices of the Nordic Council of Ministers. A series of side-events will present the Nordic perspective and the green solutions from the world’s climate pioneers.


Ea Energy Analyses has delivered material for COP21 for the Danish Energy Agency associated with the project Evaluation of the financial support for strategic energy planning and for green pilot projects as well as the conference The role of Nordic municipalities and regions in the green transition






19 November 2015

The Danish Experience on Energy Efficiency Obligations

Mikael Togeby shared knowledge on the Danish Experience with Energy Efficiency Obligations at the seminar “Increasing energy efficiency in the industry“ organised by SEVEn in Prague.


Get the presentation The Danish experience with Energy Efficiency Obligations (EEO) - and its effects on industrial energy efficiency


Read about more projects related to Energy efficiency carried out by Ea Energy Analyses.


The presentations from the seminar is available on







25 September 2015

The use of model based energy scenarios to support policy development

Ea Energy Analyses and the Danish Energy Agency has conducted a workshop in Mexico about the use of model based energy scenarios, including way to use the method in Mexico. The workshop was held as a part of the DEA’s Global Cooperation.


Read more about The use of model based energy scenarios to support policy development







23. September 2015

Conference: The role of Nordic municipalities and regions in the green transition

The conference will take place the 10-11 November in Copenhagen, and the focus is on the possibilities for Nordic municipalities and regions to contribute to green growth through sustainable solutions and strategic energy planning at local level.


The conference is for energy planners and decision-makers from the Nordic cities, municipalities, regions, businesses and NGOs looking to increase their effort in the field of green growth. Ea Energy Analyses organises the conference for the Chair of the Nordic Council of Ministers.


The conference provides concrete examples and knowledge on how to organise climate and energy initiatives based on lessons learned by others.


Download the program

and get more information from the Invitation to the conference:The role of Nordic municipalities and regions in the green transition







20. August 2015

Welcome to Ingeborg Ørbech og Jens Frandsen

Ea have expanded its group of employees with two additional consultants, Ingeborg and Jens. Ingeborg has a master in Mathematics and Economics. Among other things, she will be working with Energy prices, Energy policy regulations and Electricity market analyses. Jens has a bachelor in Computer Science and Mathematics. He will primarily be working with Database administration, Software development and IT Strategy.







16. June 2015

Increased integration and transmission capacity will reduce CO2 emission

Ea Energy Analyses has participated in a study of the impact of increased integration of electric systems between the Nordic countries and Germany.


The analysis shows that increased integration of the Nordic and the German electric systems will reduce CO2 emission due to better utilisation of renewable electricity. A key driver for more transmission capacity is an expected high surplus in the Nordic electricity balance.


In addition, more renewables in the electric system increases the value of additional transmission capacity between the Nordic countries and Germany.


Read more about the study and the key findings in the report Increased integration of the Nordic and German electric systems - summary of findings


Read more about the project carried out for Agora Energiewende and Global Utmaning: Economic and climate effects of increased integration of the Nordic and German electricity systems – with link to the full report.







02. June 2015


The READY project rewarded with the ForskEL-price 2015

In our efforts to meet the need for more flexible electricity system, the project READY - Heat pumps in a smart grid future worked with the intelligent control of a large number of heat pumps.


Within the READY project, there were two main objectives regarding the control of heat pumps in relation to the electricity system. Firstly, electricity consumption should be placed according to the electricity spot price. Secondly, heat pumps can assist in maintaining the system balance during the operational hour by delivering regulating power.


The project has received the ForsEL-price 2015, awarded at the conference for energy research EnergiForsk 2015


Read more about the project READY - Heat pumps in a smart grid future


Read the Summary of main findings – with a focus on market aspects and local grid constraints







28. May 2015

Impact of feedback about energy consumption

A review of existing studies of the energy saving effects of feedback indicates that savings of 2-3 % can be achieved when considering a variety of studies with both direct and indirect feedback as well as different levels of information detail.


Ea Energy Analyses has conducted a critical assessment of the many analyses and has summarised the effects to be expected of different types of feedback.


Read the review Impact of feedback about energy consumption


More about the project Energy saving effects of feedback on energy consumption






22. May 2015

Barometers for Photovoltaic is published

EurObservER has published a new thematic barometer.

Download them at EurObservER






12. May 2015

Attractive investments in the transmission grid

The electricity transmission grid is a crucial component in the development of the energy system, because it is a pre-requisite for cost-efficient exploitation of renewable energy in the region.


Ea Energy Analyses has modelled the connections between the countries surrounding the Baltic Sea and the most attractive investments in new interconnectors have been identified considering different scenarios for energy and climate policies in the region.


Read the report Electricity grid expansion in the context of renewables integration in the Baltic Sea Region






28. April 2015

Challenges of security of supply
- District heating and cogeneration as part of the solution

Independence from fossil fuels before 2050 is a formulated goal decided by a majority in the Danish parliament. An obvious reason for this is the reduction of emissions of climate gasses. Another reason is security of supply.


Hans Henrik Lindboe, Partner in Ea Energy Analyses contributes to the theme, security of supply in HOT|COOL nr. 1 /2015 published by DBDH.


Read the article Security of supply – a history of shifting challenges







23. April 2015

New vision for the transition of the energy system in China

Ea Energy Analyses has contributed to a new vision for the transition of the energy system where renewable energy plays the leading role. In 2050, China’s power system is to be based on 90% non-fossil energy and in interaction with an increased electrification, the pollution levels can be brought back to the level of the 1980s, before the effects of the economic and industrial transition in the country took hold. The study shows that this can be achieved, while China meets its long-term goals for 2050 to establish 'a moderately prosperous society'.


The study was prepared by the China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC), which was established in 2012 with the support of the Danish funded Sino-Danish Renewable Energy Programme, which also financed the role of Ea. Ea has worked closely with the experts in CNREC in the development of scenarios and especially in the model analyses of the power sector, which was prepared on CNRECs CREAM-EDO model, a Balmorel based model. The study builds on analyses made in collaboration between CNREC and the Danish Energy Agency.


The main sponsor of the 2050 study was the Energy Foundation.


Watch the news story at CCTV: Experts: renewable energy may take up lion's share


Dovnload the report China 2050 High renewable energy penetration scenario and roadmap study


The study has been presented and discussed in Washington, DC at a seminar held by Resources for the future.






05. March 2015

Welcome to Malthe Jacobsen

Malthe is a new employee in Ea. Among other things, he will be working with energy planning and analysis of technological and economic aspects of renewable energy in the energy systems.


Malthe will as well be working with the potential for exploiting geothermal heat for district heating.







23. February 2015

Ea Energy Analyses increases the presence in China

Partner Lars Møllenbach Bregnbæk is seconded to China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) as part of Ea’s role in the 5-year program Boosting Renewable Energy as a part of China’s energy system revolution.

Lars will partake in the programme’s analyses, including scenarios and the development of a flexible power grid and system, which can support China's growing ambitions for the role of renewable energy. He will be engaged in developing the architecture that spans different energy system models, as well as training and assisting the Chinese experts.


The assignment also involves coordinating contributions from the international partners at the Danish Energy Agency (DEA) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in the US to CNREC, particular in relation to modelling.


Besides the Boosting Renewable Energy program, Lars will continue participation in activities at Ea Energy Analysis.


Read more about Boosting Renewable Energy







17. February 2015

The Energy Cost Calculator is now available

Ea Energy Analyses is proud to introduce the Energy Cost Calculator, an interactive online tool that allows its users to include and adjust parameters related to electricity generation for various technologies, thus facilitating a comparative analysis.


The calculator allows for a flexible experience. Among the possibilities, is the option to choose between different energy scenarios, interest rates, etc., and all calculations can be downloaded as either images or spreadsheets.


Read more and get access at







09. Febrary 2015

Welcome to Erika Zvingilaite

Erika is a new employee in Ea. She will be working with district heating and energy planning, analyses and modeling of energy systems.


Erika is engineer with a Ph.D. in heat savings and energy analyses system analyses and modelling.







06. January 2015

Farewell and see you soon

Co-founder, inspirator and partner in Ea Energy Analyses, Helge Ørsted Pedersen has chosen to give his full time priority to the arts and his personal life. Therefore, Helge withdraws from Ea as we enter 2015.


We at Ea say see you soon to Helge. Because we are confident you cannot completely stay away from the exciting energy projects in the Baltic region and in China, and that we will enjoy your jazz band at our annual Energy Meet on Friday the 16th of January and for many years to come.


Staff and partners in Ea Energy Analyses wish you the best.





Older posts



Last update 18-Mar-2019







Ea Energy Analyses Gammeltorv 8, 6th floor1457 Copenhagen KDenmark Tel work+45 60 39 17 16 Fax +45 33 32 16 61

GEO: 55.675932, 12.575096