Theme: Waste

Waste to energy

Waste incineration has proved to be an efficient means of extracting energy from waste, and the Danish waste incineration sector is among the most developed. By incinerating waste, environmental problems with deposits are avoided and the energy content in the waste fractions can be utilised to produce heat and power.
In recent years, the Danish waste management sector has experienced a dramatic development. Traditionally, the organisation of the sector has been characterised by the local municipalities’ obligations to collect the waste and assign a waste incineration plant. With the EU directive on waste, which came into force at the end of 2010, trade in industrial waste was liberalised within the EU. This meant that combustible industrial waste could now be imported or exported with very few boundaries. The directive has led to a debate about the organisation of the entire waste management sector in Denmark and about the relation between waste quantities and incineration capacity.


Ea Energy Analyses has carried out several projects in cooperation with key players from the Danish waste management sector. We have analysed the framework conditions for Danish waste incineration plants compared to selected countries within the EU, and in the light of this evaluated their competitiveness. In addition, we have also analysed the relation between waste quantities and the existing incineration capacity and assessed the technology options for new incineration plants. Finally, Ea has analysed the advantages and disadvantages of including the waste incineration sector in the EU Emissions Trading System.




Last update 20.03.2019





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