Theme: The Baltic Sea Region 

The future energy system in the Baltic Sea Region

Energy supply is a topic of great importance for the countries around the Baltic Sea. These countries share a wish for a reliable, cost-effective and sustainable energy system, in which they can reap benefits from cross-border cooperation.


Stronger dialogue and closer cooperation

To meet this challenge, a stronger dialogue and closer cooperation on energy planning in the region are needed. Ea Energy Analyses has specialised in analysing and drawing up strategies for reaching a common goal of this type. Through our many years of work on projects in the region we have acquired extensive knowledge of the energy system in the region and the factors that influence the future development, and we have developed and tested methods to ensure a common dialogue among the stakeholders.


How to fulfil EU goals on emissions reduction

In 2007-09, the study "Future Energy Systems in Europe" was conducted in cooperation with Risø DTU for the European Parliament’s unit for Scientific Technology Options Assessment – STOA. The study demonstrates how the EU goals on improved security of supply and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions can be fulfilled in an economically efficient way. The scenarios of the project were developed in the STREAM model.

Scenario analyses of the heat and electricity markets

In 2011-2012, Ea Energy Analyses conducted a study entitled "Energy policy strategies of the Baltic Sea Region for the post-Kyoto period" for BASREC, the cooperation forum of the ministers of energy and the European Commission in the Baltic Sea Region. The study demonstrated that the Baltic Sea Region can be a frontrunner in developing long term energy strategies emphasising the coherence of climate policy and energy security objectives.


In the study "Sustainable Energy Scenarios – Energy Perspectives for the Baltic Sea Region" (2009) detailed scenario analyses of the heat and electricity markets in the Baltic Sea Region were made. The study revealed a considerable potential for making the Baltic Sea Region a showcase for sustainable and innovative energy solutions - for the benefit of the entire region.


Need for coordinated energy planning

On the basis of the 2009 study, Ea Energy Analyses carried through an analysis titled "Energy scenarios for the Kaliningrad region" for the Baltic Development Forum and the Nordic Council of Ministers. The study shows that coordinating energy planning between Kaliningrad and the neighbouring countries may be of great importance to avoid development projects - e.g. new nuclear power plants in the region - that are not economically sustainable.


Modelling tools and data

The scenarios are based on the STREAM model and the Balmorel model, which contain a complete and updated set of data for energy systems and facilities in the countries of the region. The Balmorel-model has been developed specifically for the Baltic Sea Region.


Rotating energy planning academy

The need for coordination and knowledge exchange in the Baltic Sea Region has now resulted in the establishment of BALREPA – Baltic Rotating Energy Planning Academy. In 2010, BASREC and the Nordic Council of Ministers launched a two-year pilot project aiming at setting up a common regional training programme – a rotating energy planning academy. The objective was to contribute to maintaining the position of the Baltic Sea Region as one of the most advanced regions regarding energy efficiency and use of renewable energy through enhanced local knowledge and expertise within energy planning.

Other relevant projects

In addition to the scenario analyses encompassing the entire Baltic Sea Region, Ea Energy Analyses has also made analyses of selected sectors or subareas in the various countries of the region:


Last update 20.03.2019




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