Development of the model BalmorelLite

In many countries that do not have first experience with wind energy production are of the impression that the cost of integrating wind turbines in the electricity system is very high. This results in a skepticism towards wind turbines in the energy planning and sometimes also very strict requirements to wind turbine owners for example with regard to establishing back-up capacity.


The aim of this project is to illustrate the actual integration cost in a pedagogical but analytical manner. To this end a simple energy model is developed that allows assessment of the cost of integrating wind power (and possibly also solar power) in different types of energy systems. The model will be able to illustrate both challenges and solutions. The ambition is a high level of user-friendliness and a high calculation speed so that the model can be applied for “on-the-spot” calculations. The primary target group for the model is representatives from energy companies and governments in non-OECD countries.


It will be possible to use the model for estimating wind integration costs in different types of energy systems and thus to use the model for a qualified input to least-cost-of-energy calculations. Other outputs will be data on the production pattern of a typical week and duration curves.


The model will be based on the Balmorel electricity and power model which Ea Energy Analyses has used for a large number of analyses in Denmark and internationally.

In addition to an assessment of integration costs, the model will also provide information on the resulting changes in the CO2 emission of the system.


The project is carried out from December 2015 to June 2016



Last update 09-Feb-2017

Further information:


Contact: Katja B. Jensen




Helge Ørsted Pedersen



Ea Energy Analyses Gammeltorv 8, 6th floor1457 Copenhagen KDenmark Tel work+45 60 39 17 16 Fax +45 33 32 16 61

GEO: 55.675932, 12.575096